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Tim DonaghyTimothy Francis Donaghy (/ d ɒ n ə ɡ i / ; geboren 7. Januar ) ist ein ehemaliger Profi - Basketball - Schiedsrichter, die in der bearbeiteten National. Timothy Francis Donaghy ist ein ehemaliger professioneller Basketball-Schiedsrichter, der von Spielzeiten in der National Basketball Association gearbeitet hat. Während seiner Karriere in der NBA leitete Donaghy reguläre. Sind Sie Autor? Besuchen Sie Author Central, um Ihr Foto zu ändern, Ihre Biografie zu bearbeiten und vieles mehr. Siehe Autoren-Seiten FAQ. Sonst noch.
Tim Donaghy Navigation menu VideoJailed NBA Ref Tim Donaghy Details How He Knew What Games To Bet On Had he heard about Donaghy's gambling "issues" -- Ist Der Champions League Sieger Automatisch Qualifiziert what he had done? CNN Sports Illustrated. Now, after Donaghy's downfall but before he headed to prison, Donaghy broke down and wept inside Kulle's office. We found the referee. Donaghy calling two fouls 50 Kündigung Lovescout apart against the Doppelkopf Freeware leading scorer, Andre Iguodala, in the third quarter against Bostonwith the score's margin right on the spread. NBA Response to ESPN’s Tim Donaghy Story. The following is the NBA’s response to “How Former Ref Tim Donaghy Conspired to Fix NBA Games,” published by ESPN on . Tim Donaghy is a Senior Research Specialist who joined Greenpeace USA's Research unit in Tim's research has focused on climate change and energy policy, particularly offshore oil drilling, the impacts of oil production, and the Arctic. The Tim Donaghy scandal came to light in when Murray Weiss, a columnist for the New York Post, wrote a story stating the FBI was investigating an NBA referee for betting on basketball games. Weiss wrote, “The investigation, which began more than a year ago, is zeroing in on blockbuster allegations that the referee was making calls that affected the point spread to guarantee that he.
Der Fokus liegt auf Willkommensbonus und Tim Donaghy ohne Einzahlung, mГchte sowohl sich selbst als auch. - Personal FoulDonaghy hatte nach seiner jährigen Tochter gesucht, von der er glaubte, dass sie bei einem Dota 2 Epicenter Drogen nahm. Infamous former NBA referee Tim Donaghy, who was involved in a gambling scandal during his time as an official, will be making his return to officiating. According to Sports Illustrated, Donaghy is. Donaghy will forever be infamous as a sports official. In July , he was sentenced to 15 months in federal prison due to his involvement in a gambling scandal while serving as an NBA official. Tim Donaghy The NBA betting scandal was a scandal involving the National Basketball Association (NBA) and accusations that an NBA referee used his knowledge of relationships between referees, coaches, players and owners to bet on professional basketball games. Tim Donaghy has no credibility. In addition to the fact he is a disgraced referee with a gambling problem who spent time in jail for his crimes, reasonable studies looking into his claims — people that broke down the numbers — showed he was full of crap. The claims he made turn out to be false. "The Tim Donaghy matter concluded over a decade ago with a full investigation by the federal government, Donaghy's termination from the NBA, and his conviction for criminal acts.
The NBA would prefer he not talk about it, either. Still, reliving the whole experience every couple of years has not been easy for Donaghy.
He has settled into a life working in real estate and helping with, fittingly enough, a gambling website called Refpicks. But again, you can only focus on maybe people can learn from it.
And it has humbled me. Donaghy apologized in court: "I brought shame on myself, my family and the profession. As a result of the betting scandal, Stern revised the guidelines on the behavior of NBA referees during the Board of Governors' meeting in Despite the labor agreement for referees, which restricted them from participating in almost all forms of gambling, it was revealed that about half of the NBA's officials had made bets in casinos, albeit not with sportsbooks.
In addition, all referees had admitted to engaging in some form of gambling. Stern stated that the "ban on gambling is absolute, and in my view it is too absolute, too harsh and was not particularly well-enforced over the years.
There were several other referee-related rule changes made: the announcement of referees of a game was moved from 90 minutes before tip-off to the morning of the game, to reduce the value of the information to gamblers; referees received more in-season training and counseling on gambling; more thorough background checks were carried out; the league declared its intention to analyze the statistical relationship between NBA games and referees' gambling patterns for those games; and the interactions between referees and NBA teams were made easier and more formal.
The book was to have covered his NBA career, described his dealings with the "underworld" during the betting scandal, and explained how he would determine the winning team in the games he refereed.
Donaghy also promised to "discuss the relationship that players, coaches and referees have with each other.
However, Donaghy's publisher, Triumph Books , canceled it because of liability concerns. The book was released in December Donaghy claims that while imprisoned, he was attacked and threatened.
He also claims that in November a man claiming to be an associate of the New York Mafia struck Donaghy with a paint roller extension bar, resulting in injuries to his knee and leg which required surgery.
Philip Scala and his colleagues scoffed at the notion a mobster harmed Donaghy in prison. Said Scala, "If organized crime wanted to hurt Donaghy, he wouldn't be around today.
Donaghy was released from prison after serving 11 months and was due to finish his sentence in a recovery house near Tampa, Florida , where he was to be treated for his gambling addiction , as mandated by the court.
His lawyer and his ex-wife both insisted that Donaghy should not have been taken into custody, as he was allowed to visit the center to rehabilitate his injured knee.
On November 4, , Donaghy was released from prison in Hernando County after serving out the remainder of his sentence. Donaghy sued VTi-Group, the publisher of his memoir, for not paying him.
In June , a jury found VTi liable for breach of contract. On April 22, , Donaghy claimed that the league office was going to push referees to fix playoffs games to have the Brooklyn Nets beat the Toronto Raptors , so they could advance to the second round and face the Miami Heat because it would be good for ratings,  which it was.
Donaghy was featured in the released documentary film Dirty Games - The dark side of sports. Before Game 5 of the NBA Finals , Donaghy claimed that referees would be instructed to extend the series for financial reasons.
Donaghy was arrested on December 22, for aggravated assault. Donaghy had been looking for his year-old daughter, who he believed was doing drugs at a friend's house.
The two got into an argument; Donaghy told the house owner that he was going to hit him with a hammer if he came any closer.
Donaghy's attorney said that he was "just trying to be a good dad. On November 1, , the movie Inside Game was released in theaters.
The official film description focuses on Donaghy's take on the NBA betting scandal. For that reason, the NBA is particularly wary of any hint of the fix.
Even if it made them strange bedfellows, then, Donaghy's denials of match-fixing guilt were, in the end, a gift. After Donaghy, the NBA put into place a host of new measures designed to detect any nascent game-fixing schemes.
They included a beefed-up computerized system for monitoring refs' foul calls; enhanced scrutiny of betting-line fluctuations that might reveal suspicious wagering; the hiring of staff with experience in law enforcement, security and data analysis; and even the cultivation of tipsters within the sports-gambling industry who could relay rumors of possible corruption.
But at the time the scandal broke, the NBA closed ranks. Lamell McMorris served as the lead negotiator for the referees' union in its collective bargaining with the league.
It was either sink or swim together for all of us. When the FBI began interviewing Donaghy's referee colleagues, the agents, according to Scala, eventually spoke to perhaps 10 of them.
According to the FBI's investigation files, obtained in an FOIA request, some referees had to be served with subpoenas before they would talk to the Feds.
The notes taken by the agents during these interviews have a mantra-like similarity: "recalled feeling 'shocked' when he learned about Donaghy To this day, what amounts to something like a self-imposed gag order on the subject of Donaghy persists, even among those refs who no longer work for the league.
To discuss Donaghy with more than a dozen of them now is to sense that their silence has more to do with the fact that they hate the guy. None of them says anymore that Donaghy "was a good ref.
Don't be fishing, because you ain't getting anything out of me. I refuse to talk about him. Or even put him in any kind of limelight at all.
It's despicable. Not every retired referee is reticent. There is, for one, Ed T. Rush, former NBA director of officials, a Philadelphia native and, for 32 years, a referee at the highest level, starting in When Donaghy was still slogging it in the minors in the early s, Rush had taken it upon himself to mentor his young fellow Philadelphian.
The Philly ref blood runs deep. And he could have been. After the scandal, Rush was among those NBA personnel tasked by Pedowitz with reviewing a set of Donaghy games for evidence of game-fixing.
Rush recalls watching maybe 10 such games. What did he see? When I asked, I expected Rush to answer much the same as Nunn had to me: Nothing out of the ordinary.
Nothing to see here. Move along. Instead, he surprised me. In the early s, Rush went on to explain, the NBA undertook a wholesale revision of its refereeing guidelines, changes that would naturally lead to the entire NBA referee corps calling a greater volume of fouls, at least initially.
All this occurred while Rush was director of officials, from to Then people settle in. But Donaghy didn't settle in. Rush, as director of refs, took notice but didn't think much of it at the time.
It was only later, in , after Donaghy had been exposed, that Donaghy's letter-of-the-law foul-calling acquired a darker hue.
Watching games for Pedowitz, Rush noticed the same propensity to call "literally interpreted" fouls in situations where they were not warranted -- ones that ran counter to the flow of the game.
Only this time, Rush viewed these calls with suspicion. Still, as Rush explained to me over the phone, these were just "trends," not "red flags," and the NBA and the Pedowitz people were interested only in red flags.
A play that had to be called one way and that [Donaghy] called the other way. That's what they were looking for. I didn't find it.
In the end, Rush felt there was no need to relay his observations to the Pedowitz people. He felt the trends were embodied in the stats: The volume of Donaghy's calls was noticeable; it must be obvious to all.
And so nothing about any of this would end up in Pedowitz's final report. What does it mean to "fix" a game? And how, in turn, could you uncover evidence of it years, even a decade, later?
The methods of fixing are rather straightforward. A player who's on the take can shave points, purposely missing baskets, say, in an effort to lower the score for his side.
A ref, on the other hand, can effectively add points -- calling fouls that result in free throws. And if a ref were to target one particular team with fouls, he could push the score for the opposing side higher than it otherwise would be.
So where to begin? Donaghy officiated in 40 games between the marriage on Dec. We began by obtaining the trading histories for those games and through those determined which team was the more heavily bet upon.
Furthermore, exceedingly large price jumps or plunges, or even the timing of certain price moves, could signal the trading strategies of a gambling syndicate.
For all their desire to ply their trade in secrecy, sophisticated gambling syndicates often leave traces.
Through them, we deduced which side Donaghy had picked for Battista to bet on. Next, we pulled game videos for all 40 games and employed a researcher with an extensive background in officiating to watch them closely, logging all of Donaghy's and his fellow referees' foul calls.
Of those calls, 2. It is normal, of course, for a referee to call more fouls against one team than the other.
There will almost always be an imbalance of calls. But examine that imbalance against the financial imbalances discovered in the trading histories-which side received the heavier betting -- and the important comparison isn't between Donaghy's foul calls and the team that won the game.
The important comparison is to the team that received the greater amount of betting dollars. Once we completed all of that, what we uncovered was that Donaghy's foul calls favored the team that received the heavier betting 70 percent of the time.
But we also found that in 10 games during that game span, one team was defeating the other team to such a degree that the spread was rarely in doubt.
A referee wishing to manipulate game scores on these occasions would likely find he lacked much ability to sway the matter -- or the need to do so, if the score was already in his favor.
And so, controlling for blowouts by removing those games from the ledger, what we ultimately found was this: Donaghy favored the side that attracted more betting dollars in 23 of those 30 competitive games, or 77 percent of the time.
In four games, he called the game neutrally, The number of games in which Tim Donaghy favored the team that attracted fewer betting dollars?
And they are. When presented with that data, ESPN statisticians crunched the numbers and revealed: The odds that Tim Donaghy would have randomly made calls that produced that imbalance are 6,to We also passed along our data to Keith Crank, who served for 15 years as the program director in statistics and probability at the National Science Foundation.
To control for bias, he performed what's called a hypothesis test on these numbers, which would produce a P value, or a probability, for Donaghy's calls in each game in the season.
He then did the same set of calculations for the other two referees on the floor in each of Donaghy's games.
Crank's method boasted a certain elegance: It would capture any bias a ref might display in as simple a way as possible. Blowouts would be included.
No line-movement data would be required. Crank then calculated the P value for just Donaghy's calls for the entirety of the season in question.
It was 0. In other words, there was a Unlikely but not outrageously so. But Crank didn't stop there. There was, after all, that definitive frame within the season: the 40 games between the beginning of the marriage and the end of Battista's involvement.
And if you exclude two split-foul calls -- the same foul called by two refs simultaneously and credited to both -- the P value for Donaghy's calls in that set of games was 0.
To professional statisticians, any P value of less than 5 percent constitutes a signal that is "significant. In our case, it means there's just a 4.
All of our efforts were focused on understanding precisely what he did and how he did it so we would be best equipped to protect the integrity of our games going forward.
The NBA wouldn't share the specifics of those statistical analyses, but it did describe them in summary form. According to the league, the studies were based on "the entirety of the period during which Donaghy had admitted to gambling on games," including games refereed by Donaghy himself, and entailed examinations of "officiating accuracy," "lopsided [foul] calling and the magnitude of lopsidedness," the timing of his calls during games, foul-call "streaks" and call volumes, along with an analysis of "all associated betting lines and movements.
Privately, however, he has at times taken a different position. Ever since Donaghy emerged from prison in , he has lived in the same unit in a town house apartment complex in Sarasota.
He has given up making betting picks for a tout service, which he did for a time after his release from prison.
His income now reportedly comes from rental properties he owns. But before Donaghy even got out of prison, an imprint of Random House was reportedly set to publish his memoir.
Donaghy then found another publisher: a small, independent, newly established outfit -- so new that Personal Foul would be its inaugural volume -- based in Tampa, Florida, and operated by a political consultant and publicist named Shawna Vercher.
That relationship would eventually turn acrimonious, winding up in court, with Donaghy successfully suing Vercher in and accusing her of stealing his book proceeds.
But the genesis of their falling-out occurred when Donaghy was still making the rounds to promote the book, according to documents filed in court as part of the lawsuit.
The falling-out involved a polygraph test. Vercher told me that, in December , after questioning from reporters, including ones from ESPN, she had wanted Donaghy to take a polygraph that asked point-blank whether he'd fixed games.
Donaghy said he couldn't do that, Vercher recalled in a deposition. His attorneys, he told her, had advised him not to. Vercher asked him why.
It took a second for me to comprehend what Martino was telling me. Martino couldn't remember, not exactly. Martino did recall Donaghy telling him that certain games would be unfixable.
Immediately after the reports were released, several writers said that the NBA's popularity would be hurt by the news.
Adande said that "the integrity of the games just took a major hit. Sports gambling expert R. Bell, president of sports betting information site Pregame.
He discovered that during the two seasons investigated by the NBA, the teams involved scored more points than expected by the Las Vegas sports books 57 percent of the time.
In the previous two seasons, this only happened 44 percent of the time. According to Bell, the odds of such a discrepancy are 1 in 1,, and there was "a Handicapper Brandon Lang told ESPN that it is fairly easy for a crooked sports official to fix a game, despite Stern's insistence that Donaghy was a "rogue official".
According to Lang, an official can directly influence the outcome of a game 75 percent of the time if he has money on the game. For instance, Lang said that a crooked NBA referee can fix the total score by calling enough fouls to get both teams in the bonus.
When a game is being fixed, Lang said, the officials should be the prime suspects because the players are making too much money to risk their future.
Lang also believed a bookie connected to the mob turned Donaghy in to the FBI. As a result of the betting scandal, Stern revised the guidelines on the behavior of NBA referees during the Board of Governors' meeting in Despite the labor agreement for referees, which restricted them from participating in almost all forms of gambling, it was revealed that about half of the NBA's officials had made bets in casinos, albeit not with sportsbooks.
In addition, almost all referees had admitted to engaging in some form of gambling. Stern stated that "[the] ban on gambling is absolute, and in my view it is too absolute, too harsh and was not particularly well-enforced over the years".
We asked ESPN to provide us with the data and assumptions underlying this analysis, but they refused. Further, the original analyses conducted by the Pedowitz team were significantly more comprehensive than what ESPN appears to have done.
However, these examples have limited value separate from a more careful video analysis, and they frequently omit material information.
The Article also cites a streak of fouls called by Donaghy against Seattle in the same game, purportedly to favor Dallas.Donaghy gab auch zu, dass er eine schwere Spielsucht hatte, für die er Antidepressiva nahm. Für Wimmelbild Spiele Gratis Schriftsteller siehe Tom Donaghy. Insgesamt erhielt er